Child Protection System

Home / Child Protection System

All children deserve a happy childhood and the opportunity to lead a dignified life safe from violence, exploitation, neglect, deprivation, and discrimination. India is a young nation, with a child population of more than 472 million [1]. Protection of this 40% of the young population is not only a matter of their human rights but also an investment towards building a robust nation. The Constitution of India recognize children as equal right holder and grants highest priority for their protection and well-being. India is also signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) and accordingly has a strong legal framework to protect children which include the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015; the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act 2012; Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act 1994; the Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act 2005; the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009; Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006; and Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016

Children are equal citizen of the nation and hence it is extremely important to safeguard the children from any risk to their lives. Recognising the importance of safety and protection of all children, recognised and guaranteed in the Constitution of India to all children to ensure equality, and non-discrimination on basis of gender, (dis) ability, age, religion, ethnicity etc., and the UN vide its UN Convention on Rights of the Child (1989)proclaimed via article19 that: “State parties shall take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse, while in the care of parent(s), legal guardian(s) or any other person who has the care of the child.”

Further, Clause 2.2 of the preamble of National Policy for Children, 2012 states that,

· “All children have equal rights irrespective of place of birth, sex, religion, caste, class, language, and disability, social economic or any other status;

· All children have the right to a loving family, a dignified life free from exploitation and that families are to be supported by a strong social safety net in caring for and nurturing their children.

· Safety and security of all children is integral to their well-being and children are to be protected from all forms of harm, abuse, neglect, violence, maltreatment and exploitation” NGO ( Name ) also recognises rights of protection of children provided by the special laws on children, in particular:

· Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015; · Protection of Children from Sexual Offence Act 2012;

· Prohibition of Child Marriage Act 2006; · Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 2016


 All children in India stay safe and feel secure in all settings and circumstances.

Contact Us

  • Section 1: Introduction
  • 1.1 Need of the Act
  • 1.2 Purpose of this Handbook
  • Section 2: Fundamentals of Child Protection
  •  2.1 Child Protection Policy
  •  2.2 Definition of Child Abuse
  •  2.3 Indicators of Abuse
  • 2.4 Understanding Child Sexual Abuse
  • 2.5 Causes of Child Sexual Abuse
  • 2.6 Impact of Reporting Child Sexual Abuse
  • 2.7 The Protection of Children from Sexual Offence Act, 2012
  • 2.8 Child Sexual Offences under POCSO Act, 2012 & Punishment thereof
  • Section 3: Child Sexual Abuse can not be ignored in Schools
  • 3.1 Recognising Child Sexual Abuse
  • 3.2 Reporting Procedure under the Act
  • 3.3 Procedure of Recording of Statement of Child
  • 3.4 Child Friendly Procedure under the POCSO Act, 2012
  • 3.5 Procedure of Medical Examination of Child
  • 3.6 Emergency Medical Care & Counselling under POCSO Act, 2012
  • 3.7 Care and Protection of Child Victim
  • 3.8 Speedy Procedures of Cases
  • 3.9 Compensation for Child Victim
  • 3.10 Sensitisation of Child about Body and Personal Safety
  • Section 4: Role of Schools
  • 4.1 Child Protection Policy of the School
  • 4.2 Proactive Measures to prevent Child Sexual Abuse
  • 4.3 Teaching Children to Identify Good Touch & Bad Touch
  • Section 5: Therapeutic Interventions for Children
  • 5.1 Needs of Children after Sexual Abuse
  • 5.2 Therapeutic Intervention for Children in School
  • 5.3 Impacts of Sexual abuse on Caregivers
  • 5.4 Handling Child Sexual Abuse issues with Children and Survivors of Sexual Abuse
  • 5.5 Child Friendly Communication Techniques
  • 5.6 Child Friendly Non-verbal Techniques
  • 5.7 Types of Non-verbal Communication
  • Section 6: Prevention of Child Sexual Abuse in Schools
  • 6.1 Capacity Building Activities
  • 6.2 Child Protection Safeguards
  • 6.3 Recruitment Process in Schools
  • 6.4 Constitution of Committees
  • 6.5 Awareness and Education
  • 6.6 Transport Facility of Children
  • 6.7 Travel, Picnics and Outdoor Activities
  • 6.8 Online Safety Provisions
  • 6.9 Residential Facilities & Infrastructure
  • 6.10 Family and Community Awareness
  • 6.11 Monitoring of Implementation of the Guidelines
  • 6.12 Role of the institution in Post occurrence Intervention

Contact Us

  • Dr. Preeti Adhav
  • Dr. Preeti has over 24 years of professional experience and is an alumnus of IIM-Bangalore. She is a PMP and ACP certified professional from Project Management Institute, USA, President : India - Northern USA Bilateral Business Council WICCI. Dr Preeti is a serial entrepreneur. Prior to founding Monks- Learning Lab she has been the co-founder of Usha Diagnostics, a state of art Medical Imaging center at Mumbai, India. She has varied and rich experience in Learning and Development and is a trainer affiliated with MSME (Ministry of Small and Medium Enterprises- Govt of India) & IIM Bangalore.

  • Adv. Smt. Jayashri Palve
  • Adv. Smt. Jayashri Palve holds a B. A (Pol. Sci) degree and a Diploma in Journalism from Pune University.

    She is an L.L.B graduate from Bharati Vidyapeeth University.

    She has been practicing law for last 16 years in Shivajinagar court , Pune.

    As an advocate, she has tried her utmost to get justice to many women who faced  violence of various kinds.

    With number of institutions & NGOs, she has worked extensively for children. Especially, she has taken lots of efforts to eradicate child abuse.

    Her dedication and sincere efforts for the welfare of children were immensely appreciated &  well acknowledged.

    She has been actively participating in number of socio-political as well as cultural activities for the last 10 years .her social work is commendable.

Contact Us